In 2011 due to a combination of factors related to its domestic dairy industry and federal regulations. At the heart of the matter was Norway’s fierce defense of domestic milk production. The government imposed import restrictions and imposed heavy tariffs on dairy products to strengthen local farmers and ensure they could compete in the market This form of protectionism this supported Norwegian agriculture and made it more dependent on domestic production by limiting domestic availability of foreign butter
Additionally, in 2011, poor harvesting of forage was a significant factor. Adverse weather conditions reduced the number of dairy cows for fodder, reducing milk production. As a direct result, butter and other dairy products could not be produced. The situation was aggravated by increased demand for butter during the holidays, these reduced domestic supplies and the introduction of restrictions, resulting in severe shortages and rising prices Crisis led to conversations about supporting local agriculture and meeting consumer needs.